Vertigo itself is a symptom, rather than a condition. It is a sensation of feeling off balance and if you suffer from this issue, you are likely to feel that you are spinning around or that the world around you is the one spinning. An example of induced vertigo is when children are spinning around for a while, creating a sense of vertigo. However, this sense only lasts for a few minutes and then goes away. On the other hand, vertigo happens out of the blue and it may last for many hours.
There are many different causes of vertigo, and they are indeed wide-ranging. The cause can be defined based on whether it is central or peripheral. If central, it means that vertigo is due to a problem in the brain or spinal cord. If peripheral, it means that the problem arises due to any inner ear-related problems. This is known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and it occurs when the inner ear becomes inflamed, causing irritation to the hair cells in the semicircular canals.
Head injuries can also result in damage to the inner ear and be a direct cause of vertigo. Tumors, strokes affecting the brain, and multiple sclerosis can also be to blame for the onset of vertigo. In addition to these, some migraine suffers are also likely to experience vertigo as a symptom.
Risk Factors for Vertigo
- Head injuries
- Medications like aspirin, antiseizure medication, antidepressant, and blood pressure medications
- Anything that is known to increase the risk of stroke, including smoking, diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension
- Excessive alcohol intake
As for the symptoms, it is worth noting that a sense of spinning or moving is the most common, even when the person is staying perfectly still. Movement of the head, such as rolling over in bed, can aggravate this sense of spinning. Other symptoms include a sense of fainting, lightheadedness, nausea, and even vomiting.
Some of the best treatments for peripheral vertigo are particle repositioning movements, which loosen the crystals in the inner ear and reduce irritation. Cawthorne head exercises, or vestibular rehabilitation habituation exercises can also help. Ultimately, drugs like Meclizine and Valium can also offer a relief, but they are not often recommended due to their adverse side effects.
Check out the video below which offers very simple, yet effective fix for vertigo!
After developing a simple fix for vertigo, a doctor at the University of Colorado Hospital has gone viral! As a matter of fact, ever since she first introduced the treatment back in 2012, her video has gotten 2.6 million views.
“Tip your head up to look at the ceiling.”
You then put your head upside down like you’re going to do a somersault.
“In that position, I want you to turn to face your left elbow,” Foster said
“You wait for any dizziness to end then raise your head to back level. Wait again for dizziness to end, then sit back quickly. The half somersault maneuver has been a huge hit with nearly 2 million views on YouTube.”
“I don’t think I’ve gotten up to the level of a cat video yet,” Foster joked.
But Foster, Associate Professor and Director of the Balance Lab at the University of Colorado School of Medicine on the Anschutz Medical Campus, is highly respected among people with vertigo.