Colorectal cancer (also known as colon cancer, rectal cancer or bowel cancer) is the development of cancer in the colon or in the rectum (parts of the large intestine). Most colorectal cancers start in the cells that create and release mucus and other fluids, which leads to a formation of tumor in the lining of the large intestine. Colon cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the world and statistically, it makes about 10% of all cancer cases. It is more common in the developed countries, where 65% of the cases are detected. You should also know that colorectal cancer occurs more often in men than women.

This disease can be treatable when discovered early, which is why it is very important to be aware of the risk factors, signs, and symptoms of colon cancer!

Risk Factors for Colon Cancer

- Obesity– being overweight increases the risk of the development of colorectal cancer in both men and women.
- Physical inactivity– increased physical activity lowers the risk of developing any disease, and not just colon cancer. Regular exercising will help your body healthy.
- Diet– Diets that are rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains are associated with a lower risk of colorectal cancer. You should also avoid red and processed meat.
- Alcohol– several studies have confirmed the connection between colorectal cancer and increased alcohol intake, especially among men.
- Other risk factors include smoking, family history of cancer, older age, and exposure to radiation. People who suffer from inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or diabetes are also at higher risk of developing colorectal cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Colon Cancer

1. Blood in your stool or bleeding from your rectum — any amount of bleeding might be a sign. So, it is very important to visit a professional if you have experienced this symptom.
2. Sudden weight loss.
3. Loss of appetite.
4. Constant bloated feeling, and pain in the abdomen.
5. Feeling of tiredness and weakness all the time.
6. A change in bowel habits that lasts for an extended period (such as diarrhea or constipation).
7. Jaundice (a yellow or green coloring of the skin and the white part of the eye).
8. Nausea and vomiting in people who are over 50.


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